Pope Pius IX Archives - Ethics & Public Policy Center

The Providential Demise of the Papal States

The sesquicentennial of the end of the Papal States is a moment to ponder the workings of divine providence in history, including the divine capacity to write straight with what may seem, at the time, crooked lines.

Ironies in the Fire: Catholicism and Modernity

Through an often-turbulent encounter with modernity, Catholicism has rediscovered the evangelical or missionary imperative from which it began, two millennia ago.